Mahler and Fauré have been described as linking the end of Romanticism with the modernism of the second quarter of the 20th century.
Rikers Island is New York City’s main prison complex, and the name of the 413.17 acre island on which it sits. The island lies in the East River between Queens and the Bronx, adjacent to the runways of LaGuardia Airport. The prison complex has a staff of 7,000 officers and 1,500 civilians to control an inmate population of 14,000.
The island is thought to be named after Abraham Rycken, a Dutch settler who moved to Long Island in 1638 and whose descendants owned Rikers Island until 1884, when it was sold to the city. It has been used as a prison ever since.
René François Ghislain Magritte (1898–1967) was a Belgian surrealist artist. He became well known for a number of witty and thought-provoking images. His work challenges observers' preconditioned perceptions of reality. His earliest paintings, which date from about 1915, were Impressionistic. The paintings he produced between 1918 and 1924 are influenced by Futurism and by a form of Cubism practised by Metzinger. He produced his first surreal painting in 1926, The Lost Jockey (Le jockey perdu). His first exhibition was held in Brussels in 1927 but was panned by critics. He moved to Paris, where he became friends with Andre Breton and was involved in the surrealist group.
He returned to Brussels in 1930 and resumed work in advertising, forming an agency with his brother Paul. He remained in Brussels during the German occupation of WW2. In 1946 he renounced the violence and pessimism of his earlier work, and joined several other Belgian artists in signing the manifesto Surrealism in Full Sunlight. His work was first exhibited in New York in 1936.
Popular interest in Magritte's work revived in the 1960s, and his imagery has influenced pop, minimalist and conceptual art.
She experienced a succession of tragedies in her early life – her mother died when she Ingrid was three years old, her father when she was thirteen. The aunt with whom she went to live following her father’s death died only six months later. She then moved in with another aunt, who had five children.
Despite these personal difficulties she established herself as a leading actress in Swedish films.
In 1950, after a decade of stardom in American films, she starred in the Italian film Stomboli, which led to a love affair with director Roberto Rossellini, while they were both married. The affair created a scandal in Hollywood and forced her to return to Europe until 1956, when she made a successful Hollywood comeback in Anastasia.
Kefauver led an investigation into television and juvenile delinquency in the mid 1950's. This was followed by an even more intensive investigation in the early 1960s, promoted by public concerns over juvenile violence, and the possibility that this behavior was related to violent television programs.
Kefauver’s progressive stance on the issues saw him being accused by fellow Democrats as being a "fellow traveler" and of working for the "pinkos and communists" with the stealth of a raccoon. In a televised speech in Memphis, in which he responded to the charges, Kefauver wore a raccoon skin hat. He adopted the cap as his trademark and wore it in his successive presidential campaigns.
Kefauver was unique in Tennessee politics in his outspoken liberal views, a stand that established a permanent bloc of opposition to him in the state. His constituency included many prominent citizens whose views were considerably less liberal than his but who admired him for his integrity.