"from ziggurat to pyramid, from sacred oak "


Ruins of ziggurat in Ebla, Syria
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeRuins of ziggurat in Ebla, Syria - Credit: Babur

A ziggurat is a type of rectangular temple tower or tiered mound erected by the Sumerians, Akkadians, and Babylonians in Mesopotamia. The tower of Babel is thought to be one of these.



Pyramids at Giza
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikePyramids at Giza - Credit: Ricardo Liberato

A pyramid is a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt.




Oak tree
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeOak tree - Credit: Eirian Evans


Pliny the Elder, writing in the first century AD, describes a religious ceremony in Gaul in which white-clad druids climbed a sacred oak, cut down the mistletoe growing on it, sacrificed two white bulls and used the mistletoe to cure infertility. The druids appear in Welsh and Irish legend as prophets and sorcerers. Oaks were held sacred by both druids and Celts.