The Jewish quarter in Prague was formerly the Jewish ghetto of the town. Jews are believed to have settled in Prague as early as the 10th century. The first pogrom was in 1096 (during the first crusade) and eventually Jews were concentrated within a walled Ghetto.
The ghetto was most prosperous towards the end of the 16th century, when the Jewish Mayor, Mordecai Maisel, became the Minister of Finance. A very wealthy man, his money helped develop the ghetto. Around this time the Maharal, an important scholar, Jewish mystic and philosopher, was supposed to have created the Golem.