Page 305. " Mere propaganda. Such a thing "

Propaganda Poster created to get immigrants to move to California.
Public DomainPropaganda Poster created to get immigrants to move to California. - Credit: The Granger Collection, New York
The term propaganda refers to information, ideas, or rumours deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. Propaganda in its most basic sense presents information primarily to influence an audience, for ideological, political or commercial purposes.



Page 310. " It was in Old Babylonian. "
Hanging Gardens of Babylon - 16th century engraving
Public DomainHanging Gardens of Babylon - 16th century engraving - Credit: Martin Heemskerck

 Babylonia was a civilization in Lower Mesopotamia (now central and southern Iraq) dating back to the 18th century BC. Babylon was its capital. Babylonia emerged out of the territories of the former kingdoms of Sumer and Akkad. Babylonia adopted the written Semitic Akkadian language for official use, and retained the Sumerian language for religious use, although by that time it was no longer a spoken language. The Akkadian and Sumerian cultures played a major role in later Babylonian culture, and the region would remain an important cultural centre, even under foreign rule. Babylonia was absorbed into the Persian Empire in 539 BC.

Many references are made to Babylon in the Bible, both literally and allegorically. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Tower of Babel are two legendary landmarks of Babylonian civilization, seen as symbols of luxurious and arrogant power respectively.