Page 380. " massive blocks of yellow sandstone "

Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeSandstone - Credit: Ester Inbar
 Sandstone is a common sedimentary rock formed by the consolidation and compaction of sand and held together by a natural cement, such as silica, quartz, haematite and clay minerals. It can vary in colour from yellow or red to grey or brown. Sandstone is widely used either as a primary building material or as a facing stone, over other construction.

Page 382. " Baltic caviare, plover's eggs "

Creative Commons AttributionCaviar - Credit: Mai Le
Consisting of processed, salted, non-fertilized sturgeon eggs, caviar is commercially marketed worldwide as a delicacy and is eaten as a garnish or a spread.

Plover's eggs
Creative Commons AttributionPlover's eggs - Credit: etgeek (Eric), Flickr
A plover is any shore bird of the family Charadriidae, typically having a round head, straight bill, and large pointed wings. Up to the beginning of the 19th century,  plovers' eggs were considered a delicacy; they were generally eaten hard-boiled, as border for mayonnaise salads, or dished up on a rice-stand and garnished with aspic jelly.

Page 382. " larks' tongues in aspic "

Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeSkylark - Credit: Daniel Pettersson
 Larks are birds of the family Alaudidae, having a sustained, melodious song. Larks have historically been considered wholesome, delicate, and light game. Lark's tongues were particularly highly valued. In modern times, shrinking habitats made lark meat rare and hard to come by, though it can still be found in restaurants in Italy and elsewhere in Southern Europe.
Aspic with eggs
Creative Commons AttributionAspic with eggs - Credit: Anthony Georgeff, Flickr

 Aspic is a dish in which ingredients are set into a gelatine made from a meat stock or consommé.


Page 384. " check out the Leaning Tower of Pisa "


The Leaning Tower of Pisa
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeThe Leaning Tower of Pisa - Credit: Marshaü

The Leaning Tower of Pisa  is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, of the cathedral of the Italian city of Pisa. Although intended to stand vertically, the tower began leaning to the southeast soon after the onset of construction in 1173 due to a poorly laid foundation and loose substrate that has allowed the foundation to shift direction.

The tower was built  in three stages over a period of about 177 years. In May 2008, after the removal of 70 tons of earth, engineers announced that the Tower had been stabilized so that it had stopped moving for the first time in its history. They declared it would be stable for at least 200 years. It leans to the southwest.


Page 384. " Victorian Mansion in the Gothic Style "

Alston Hall, Victorian Mansion, England
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeAlston Hall, Victorian Mansion, England - Credit: Humphrey Bolton
The Gothic Revival (also referred to as Victorian Gothic or Neo-Gothic) is an architectural movement which began in the 1740s in England. It rapidly grew in popularity in the early nineteenth century, when increasingly serious and learned admirers of neo-Gothic styles sought to revive medieval forms in contrast to the classical styles prevalent at the time.

The revived Gothic style was not limited to architecture, but was also adopted in the decorative arts. A.W.N. Pugin, John Ruskin and Eugène Viollet-le-Duc were among the promoters of Gothic Revival.

Page 384. " peacocks and wallabies were decoratively scattered "

Creative Commons AttributionPeacock - Credit: Hamed Saber, Flickr
A peacock is a male peafowl, distinguished by its crested head, brilliant blue or green plumage, and long modified back feathers that are marked with iridescent eyelike spots and that can be spread in a fanlike form.

Red-necked wallaby
Creative Commons AttributionRed-necked wallaby - Credit: Thorsten Becker
A wallaby is any of the marsupials of the genus Wallabia and related genera, of Australia and adjacent islands, related to the kangaroos but generally smaller and often having a colourful coat.

Page 394. " richly woven carpets from Persia "

Persian carpets in a carpet shop
Creative Commons AttributionPersian carpets in a carpet shop - Credit: birdfarm, Flickr
The Persian carpet  is an essential part of Persian art and culture. Carpet-weaving dates back to ancient Persia (modern day Iran). Wool is the most common material for carpets but cotton is frequently used for the foundation of city and workshop carpets.  Silk carpets are less common than wool carpets since silk is more expensive and less durable; they tend to increase in value with age and they are often displayed on the wall like tapestries rather than being used as floor coverings.


Page 400. " the first speeches in the Grand Salon "

A Grand Salon is a large room, such as a drawing room or hall, used for receiving and entertaining guests.