Tower Hill is an elevated spot north-west of the Tower of London. Belonging to one of the oldest parts of London, archeological evidence shows that there was a settlement on the hill in the Bronze Age and much later a Roman village. Public executions of high-profile criminals were carried out on the hill. It is the site of the Tower Hill Memorial.
Dragons, chimeras and manticores are all mythological creatures. Dragons have serpentine or reptilian traits and feature in legends of worldwide cultures.
The chimera is a monstrous fire-breathing creature in Greek mythology. It was composed of the parts of multiple animals: upon the body of a lioness with a tail that terminated in a snake's head, the head of a goat arose on her back at the centre of her spine.
The manticore is a legendary creature of Persian origin similar to the Egyptian sphinx. It has the body of a red lion, a human head with three rows of sharp teeth (like a shark), and a trumpet-like voice. Other aspects of the creature vary from story to story. It may be horned, winged, or both. The tail is that of either a dragon or a scorpion, and it may shoot poisonous spines to either paralyze or kill its victims. The creature's feet may also be of a dragon, but are mostly referred to as lions paws.
The leopard is the smallest of the four "big cats" in the genus Panthera, the other three being the tiger, lion and jaguar. Once distributed across southern Asia and Africa, the leopard's is now concentrated mainly in sub-Saharan Africa. Due to the loss of range and declines in population, it is graded as a "Near Threatened" species. The leopard is similar in appearance to the jaguar, although it is of smaller and slighter build. The species' success in the wild owes in part to its opportunistic hunting behaviour, its adaptability to habitats, its ability to run at speeds approaching 58 kilometres per hour (36 mph), its unequalled ability to climb trees even when carrying a heavy carcass, and its notorious ability for stealth.
The name kestrel refers to several different members of the falcon family. Kestrels are most easily distinguished by their typical hunting behaviour: they hover at a height of around 10–20 metres (33–66 ft) over open country and swoop down on prey, usually small mammals, lizards or large insects. Other falcons are more adapted to active hunting on the wing. In addition, kestrels are notable for usually having much brown in their plumage. Kestrels are bold and have adapted well to human encroachment, nesting in buildings and hunting by major roads.
In ancient Greece, different cities worshipped different deities, however 14 major gods and goddesses were recognised by most Greek people: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, Hestia, and Hera. Greek religion mixed with Etruscan cult and beliefs to form much of the later Ancient Roman religion.
Greek mythology consisted largely of stories of the gods and of how they affected humans on Earth. The mythology largely survived and was added to for the later Roman mythology. Greek mythology became popular in Christian post-Renaissance Europe, where it was often used as a subject by artists like Botticelli, Michelangelo and Rubens.
The caber toss is a traditional Scottish athletic event practised at the Scottish Highland Games. The athletes are required to toss a large wooden pole called a caber, similar to a telephone pole or power pole. The object is not the distance of the throw, but rather to have the caber fall directly away from the thrower after landing.
In the story, Golden Lane is a street close to Prague Castle, where alchemists used to live and work. The term alchemy derived from the Ancient Greek word khemia meaning "art of transmuting metals". Alchemy is both a philosophy and an ancient practice which focused on the attempt to change base metals into gold. The practice concentrates on researching the preparation of the "elixir of longevity", and achieving ultimate wisdom. The practical aspect of alchemy generated the basics of modern inorganic chemistry. Alchemy has been practiced in Mesopotamia (comprising much of today's Iraq), Egypt, Persia (today's Iran), India, China, Japan, Korea and in Classical Greece and Rome, in the Post-Islamic Persia, and then in Europe up to the 20th century, in a complex network of schools and philosophical systems spanning at least 2500 years.