An iron maiden is a torture device which consists of an iron cabinet, with a hinged front, sufficiently tall to enclose a human being. Inside, it is usually lined with iron spikes. It often has a small hatch, so that the torturer can interrogate the victim. The iron maiden, though often associated with the Middle Ages, was not invented until the late 18th century: no account of the iron maiden can be found earlier than 1793.
The Palace of Versailles is a magnificent royal château in France and a World Heritage Site. When the château was built, Versailles was a country village; today, it is a suburb of Paris, some twenty kilometres southwest of the French capital.
The court of Versailles was the centre of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return there in October 1789 after the beginning of French Revolution.
Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol absolute monarchy.
Scholars dispute whether and how much Plato's story or account was inspired by older traditions. While little known during the Middle Ages, the story of Atlantis was rediscovered by Humanists in the Early Modern period.
Various sites have been proposed as the location of Atlantis - in or near the Mediterranean Sea, in the Atlantic ocean, in the Bermuda Triangle. In the Mediterranean, the Thera eruption, dated 17th or 16th century BC, caused a large tsunami that experts hypothesize devastated the Minoan civilization on the nearby island of Crete, further leading some to believe that this may have been the catastrophe that inspired the story.