"Mask the music of Venus with the clamour of Diana!"

 Venus was the Roman name for the goddess of love, beauty and sexuality.  Her Greek equivalent was Aphrodite.  She was said to have been born from the sea, rising up from the foam which breaks on the surface.  There were many temples and cults dedicated to her, and Julius Caesar even claimed to be one of her descendents.  She has been a constant muse to artists and sculptors  throughout the centuries, in part because for a long time she was one of the only female figures it was permissable to depict nude.  This allowed the freedom of meditation on aspects of female beauty and sexuality that otherwise were not granted a space.  The philosopher Plato argued that consideration of Venus' physical loveliness could inspire mortals to transcend earthly matters, and comprehend the beauty of spirituality.

Diana the Huntress
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeDiana the Huntress - Credit: Steffen Heilfort
 Diana was the Roman goddess of hunting and chastity, and had been known as Artemis within classical Greek culture.  The Romans also considered her to be goddess of the moon.  She was the twin sister of Apollo, god of light, truth and the arts.  Her identification with hunting meant that she was often portrayed carrying a bow, with a quiver of arrows on her shoulder.  Diana was said to protect woodlands and the countryside, and is sometimes seen accompanied by wild animals, or a hunting dog.  She too had her own temples and cults, and has also been immortalised many times in marble and canvas.

Both goddesses are frequently referred to in literature; Shakespeare in particular made many allusions to Classical culture.  

Shakespeare's poem 'Venus and Adonis'.

Act 5, Scene 1 of Shakespeare's 'Pericles', where Diana appears as a vision.