In 1934, laws were introduced to abolish independent local government. All local authorities and states were brought under the direct control of the Third Reich. Mayors were no longer elected, but were appointed either by governors, ministers or Hitler himself.
Identity cards became compulsory throughout Germany when Hitler came to power in 1933.
A “J” on the cover identified Jewish people. Details provided to acquire an ID card gave Hitler’s government huge quantities of information which they could then exploit to manage their extermination programmes.