Page 183. " a German Jew named Erik Vandenburg "

Approximately 12,000 German Jewish soldiers died during World War I. A higher proportion of Jews served in the army than of any other ethnic or religious group. Ironically, it was a Jewish lieutenant who presented a young Adolf Hitler with the First Class medal for his services during the war.

Page 186. " as he pressed the buttons and keys of a clumsy Blue Danube Waltz. "
The Blue Danube Waltz was written by Johann Strauss in 1886.

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Page 190. " the Gestapo visited. "

The Gestapo were the secret police of Nazi Germany, led by Heinrich Himmler. Their main function was to investigate cases of treason or attacks against the Nazi Party. They had the power to imprison political prisoners or enemies of the Party for any reason, and were not subject to laws of the court or country. The Night and Fog Decree (Nacht und Nebel) was a terrifying tool used against anyone who resisted Nazi Party policies. Suspected Party opponents or “helpers” of the enemy would be kidnapped and would simply disappear.



Page 199. " Max was sacked with the rest of the Jews at the Jederman Engineering Factory in ‘35 "

In 1933, Jewish people were banned from holding public sector posts. It wasn’t long before private companies sacked all Jewish workers, for fear of not conforming to Nazi Laws. By 1938 government contracts for goods or services were no longer given to Jewish businesses.

Page 200. " Then came November 9. Kristallnacht. The night of the broken glass. "
Triggered by the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris by a German-born Polish Jew, the events of November 9th and 10th of 1938 came to be called Kristallnacht ("crystal night", or "the night of broken glass"). The Sturmabteilung (SA: a Nazi Party paramilitary group) ransacked and destroyed over 7,000 Jewish businesses, shops and homes in retaliation for the killing. More than 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and sent to concentration camps.

The picture shows the destruction of a Jewish synagogue during Kristallnacht.