Potatoes were a staple food in Germany during the war, as they were easily grown and could be stored for months. The “Potato Masher” is also slang for a type of hand grenade used by the German Army.
By 1942, most of the world was at war. Air raids intensified in Britain and Germany, and Japan seemed unstoppable in their aggressive expansion across South East Asia and the Pacific. In Russia, the Battle of Stalingrad alone saw more than a million soldiers killed. Nazi leaders embarked on their programme to kill all Jews, with the Final Solution and mass slaughter of Jewish people (now known as the Holocaust).