"Plato"
Bust of Plato
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeBust of Plato - Credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen

 Plato (427-347 BC) was a Greek philosopher and mathematician, and the founder of the world’s first institute of higher learning, the Academy in Athens. He helped lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science, along with his mentor Socrates and his student Aristotle. Thirty-six dialogues, including The Symposium, The Republic, and The Laws have been attributed to him.