Page 271. " St Teresa "

Portrait by Rubens
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikePortrait by Rubens - Credit: David Monniaux
 St Teresa of Ávila (1515-1582) was canonized in 1622 by Pope Gregory XV and made a Doctor of the Church in 1970 by Pope Paul VI. A Carmelite nun and reformer of the Carmelite order, she is also seen as one of the founders of the Discalced Carmelites.

Her writings on Christian mysticism and meditation are considered to be seminal examples of Spanish Renaissance literature. Her works include The Interior Castle and The Way of Perfection.

Page 271. " St Francis "

St Francis of Assisi (born Giovanni Francesco di Bernardone 1181-1226) was a Catholic deacon, preacher and founder of the Franciscan order.

He is the patron saint of animals and the environment, and along with Catherine of Siena a patron saint of Italy.

He was canonized by Pope Gregory IX in 1228, following which the foundation stone was laid for the Basilica of St Francis in Assisi, where he is buried in a neo-classical-style crypt.

Page 272. " village of Gubbio "
GNU Free Documentation LicenseGubbio - Credit: Idefix

Jon recalls a story his father once told him about St Francis taming a wolf in Gubbio.

Gubbio is an ancient town (no longer a village) situated on the lower slopes of the Apennines in Perugia, Italy. Its origins are exceptionally ancient – the hills above were occupied in the Bronze Age. Important in the development of the Umbrian peoples, it was invaded by the Romans in the 2nd century BC and its Roman theatre still survives – the second oldest on the planet.

Gubbio was exceptionally powerful in the middle ages, and the following centuries were characterised by tumult and war with surrounding Umbrian towns.

It became part of the Papal States in 1631 and was incorporated into the Kingdom of Italy in 1860.





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