"If they start on her and trick her and trap her, it might end up in sterilization and the Fringes for all of us"


In the first half of the 20th century, there were several compulsory sterilization programs around the world that forced people thought to have defective genetic traits to be surgically sterilized.

Countries with such programs included Canada, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Japan, India, China, Sweden, Switzerland and the USA.

It has now been recognised as a crime against humanity by the International Criminal Court if carried out as part of a widespread or systematic practice.

A Fine Balance, by Rohinton Mistry, details the sterilization programme instituted in India in the 1970s.

A Fine Balance on Book Drum