"Adiós compadrito, they said. Hasta la vista"

Goodbye little friend, they said. See you later.

It is not surprising Billy Parham speaks perfect Spanish, growing up with a Mexican grandmother in a state where Hispanics account for 45% of the overall population.

While the use of Spanish adds an extra realism to the novel, it can be a source of frustration for those not fluent in the language.

A translation of individual Spanish words can be found in some bookmarks and in the glossary.

For a translation of longer passages click here.