"they went also to the wall and there they died in the terrible volleys of riflefire, the terrible smoke"
Fusilamiento (c. 1914-16)
Public DomainFusilamiento (c. 1914-16) - Credit: The World's Work XXXII

Perhaps the most iconic and terrible image of the Mexican Revolution is that of the fusilamiento - death by firing squad.

These summary executions were employed extensively by almost every side, functioning as a powerful instrument of psychological warfare and propaganda.

The fusilamiento was eventually abolished during the presidency of Lázaro Cárdenas (1934–1940). Some historians argue this was the moment the revolutionary period truly came to end as it demonstrated the government’s ability to control the republic without the use of summary executions.