Page 228. " That was the do agudo. You think some gypsy can sing that note? Some croaking gypsy "

The do agudo is a high, or sharp, c note, better known in French as Do Dièse.

To hear the do agudo note in all its ear-piercing glory skip to 2.40. You will definitely know it when you hear it.



Page 228. " Punchinello. He is Punchinello "
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikePunchinello - Credit: mari27454

Punchinello (otherwise known as Pulcinella or Polichinelle) originated in the Commedia dell’Arte theatre and later became a stock character in Neapolitan puppetry.

Originally a buffoonish, clown-like figure, he gradually developed into something altogether more sinister. His main characteristics were his extremely long, beak-like nose and high-pitched voice, and he was sometimes also depicted as hideously deformed and overweight. Usually in conflict with authority, his traditional temperament was to be mean, vicious and crafty, punctuated with sudden outbursts of violence.

If any of this sounds familiar to British readers, he is, of course, a precursor to Mr. Punch of the Punch and Judy puppet show.

Page 235. " like soiled inmates wandered from some ultimate Bedlam "
Scene of Bethlem Hospital from William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress (1735)
Public DomainScene of Bethlem Hospital from William Hogarth's A Rake's Progress (1735) - Credit: Sir John Soane's Museum, London

Bedlam was the name given to the Bethlem Royal Hospital, the psychiatric hospital which gained notoriety for the cruel and inhumane treatment of its patients.

It is most famous as the place where the members of late 18th and early 19th century fashionable society would pay to watch the inmates of Bedlam for entertainment.

Page 235. " A kingfisher flew up the river "
Green Kingfisher (Ceryle americana), adult (upper), juvenile (lower)
Public DomainGreen Kingfisher (Ceryle americana), adult (upper), juvenile (lower) - Credit: United States Department of the Interior

There are roughly 90 species of kingfisher birds found throughout the world.

The three species of kingfisher commonly found around the Mexican-U.S. border are the Belted Kingfisher, the Ringed Kingfisher and the Green Kingfisher.



Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon), female (left), male (right)
Public DomainBelted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon), female (left), male (right) - Credit: Louis Agassiz Fuertes
Page 241. " and pico de gallo "

Pico de gallo (Spanish for rooster’s beak) is a type of spicy salsa, made with raw tomatoes, lime juice, chilli peppers, onions, cilantro leaves, and various other raw ingredients.

A number of theories have been put forward for the dish’s name. Some claim it is due to the beak-like shape and the red colour of the chillies used to make pico de gallo. Others argue that it was because pico de gallo was originally eaten with thumb and forefinger, resembling the actions of a pecking rooster.



Page 249. " What if they're laid up somewheres fixin to drygulch us? "
The prefect place to get drygulched (dry fork of Coyote Gulch)
Public DomainThe perfect place to get drygulched - Credit: G. Thomas

Drygulch is U.S. slang meaning to attack or assault, especially in an ambush.

The term originates from the old American Wild West when bandits were said to kill people as they passed through a dry gulch (a dry river bed).

Page 250. " He'll wind up in their remuda "

A remuda is a herd of saddle-broken horses from which ranch hands choose their mounts for the day. The word is Spanish for change of horses and is commonly used among cattlemen in the American West.


The Remuda, Changing Horses
Public DomainThe Remuda, Changing Horses - Credit: William Henry Jackson (Detroit Publishing Company)
Creative Commons AttributionRemuda - Credit: Thomas Caspers