abrevadero
trough, pond, or basin for cattle to drink from
acequias
irrigation ditch or channel
alameda
avenue
alguacil
bailiff, constable
alluvial
deposit of river or flood
ambuscade
ambush
ancillary
subservient, auxiliary
arbitro
referee
arbors
trees
armature
arms, armour
armoire
wardrobe
artillero
artilleryman
atavistic
reversion to earlier type
augmenting
increasing, growing larger
autoclave
instrument used to sterilize medical equipment
azotea
flat roof
bandida
female bandit
banditos
bandits
barranca
deep gorge
barretero
miner
barrial
quagmire
bearded
defied, opposed openly
bedlam
madhouse; scene of uproar
beeves
beef plural, flesh of ox or cow
bier
stand on which a corpse or a coffin is placed before burial
boda
wedding
bodega
wine cellar or shop
borrachon
drunkard
bruja
female witch
brujo
male witch
buñuelos
doughnuts
caballero
horseman
cacahuates
peanuts
caídas
collapsed buildings
caliche
form of sedimentary desert soil containing calcium carbonate
campesinos
peasants
cantina
canteen
caporal
hired hand
cárcel
prison, jail
carretero
wagoneer
cataracts
disease of eye causing dimming of lens and loss of vision
celadon
pale to very pale green
censer
pan in which incense is burned
cerros
hills
chaparral
dense thorny bush or scrub
chemic
made by chemistry
ciénaga
spring, usually a wet, marshy area at the foot of a mountain, in a canyon, or on the edge of a grassland where groundwater bubbles to the surface
cocinera
cook, chef
colondancia
territory, neighbourhood
conchoidal
shell-like
condolent
one expressing sympathy with a person who experienced the death of a loved one
consanguinity
related by birth, akin, blood-relationship
conscriptees
conscripted, enlisted by compulsion for naval or military service
conservator
custodian
copal
type of resin produced from plant sap and used as incense
cordite
smokeless explosive
crudo
hung-over
cuento
story
curdogs
mongrel (mixed-breed) dogs
dado
lower part of room wall when distinguished by decoration or panelling
demoniac
of, like, influenced by, demons; fiendish; frenzied
dessicated
dried out
diamondhitch
knot used for packing trail animals
divestiture
state of having been stripped or deprived
dueña
owner, landlady
echelons
formation in which each unit is positioned successively to the left or right of the rear unit to form an oblique or steplike line
ejidatario
holder of a share in common lands
ejido
cooperative farm
escarabajo
beetle
escarpment
precipitous side of hill
esclarajo
lighter
establos
stables
estancia
large rural estate, ranch
extranjero
foreigner
factura
invoice, receipt
feria
fair, carnival
frijoles
beans
fumaroles
volcano’s smoke vent(s)
ganadero
livestock trader
gerente
manager
gitanos
gypsies
glaucous
sea-green colour
gorgios
gypsy name for non-gypsy
guapo
handsome, good-looking (masculine)
güero
word used in Mexico to denote a person with blond or red hair or of fair complexion
hamlet
small village, esp. one without a church
hock
tarsal joint of hind leg of horse, corresponding to the human ankle but bending in the opposite direction
hombre de la gente
man of the people
idiosincrasico
idiosyncratic
ilex
holly
incandescent
white or glowing with heat
incommensurable
impossible to measure or compare
integument
natural covering, skin, husk
intractable
refractory, unmanageable
jefe
head, manager, leader
jerkline
single rein that runs to lead animal in a team of mules or horses
kiacks
packsack that hangs on either side of a packsaddle
laguna
lagoon
lariat
lasso
latifundio
term used in land tenure structure of Latin America to denote estate over 500 hectacres
latigo
wide leather strap on saddle used to tighten the cinch around a horse
lichens
small fungoid plants forming crust on rocks, trees etc.
majordomo
person responsible for management of a household or business
manco
one-armed man
manta
bleached cotton
masa
flour, dough
mayordomo
steward, butler
mochila
knapsack
monte
terrain
mozo
man who helps with a pack train or serves as a porter; assistant
musette bag
small canvass or leather bag
natillas
custard, sometimes thickened with flour or starch to make a batter
niños
children
ocular
view as seen through eyepiece
paisano
peasant of Spanish origin
palisade
fence of sticks or railings
palmettos
small palm trees
panniers
baskets carried, often in pairs, on back of pack-animal or person
panoplied
wearing full suit of armour
paraje
place, location
parquet
flooring of wooden blocks arranged in pattern
penitent
repentant sinner; one who is doing penance
pigginstring
short, narrow rope used to hogtie a calf or steer
predacious
living on prey; of predacious animals
pueblito
small village
pueblo
village
quitclaim
transfer of a title, right, or claim to another person
scree
mass of small loose stones that form or cover a slope on a mountain
scrimshawed
decorate (shells, bones, etc) with design
seeress
woman who acts as a prophet or clairvoyant
sentient
feeling or capable of feeling
sepulchre
burial vault, tomb or grave; originally used to describe a cavernous rock-cut space for interment, generally in the Jewish or Christian faiths
sepulturero
undertaker
sexton
sole officer in charge of church, who rings bell, digs graves, etc
sierra
mountain range
silica
hard mineral found in quartz and flint
skeedaddled
run, flee away hurriedly
snubbingpost
nautical term for a post on a dock or shore, around which a rope is thrown to check the motion of a vessel
soldado
soldier
soogan
bedroll used for camping
spraddlelegged
with legs sprawled, spread apart
stanchion
upright bar, prop
stave
staff, walking stick
stone mano
hand-held stone for grinding
subjugate
bring under domination or control
swale
small valley
switchbacks
bends in road or path, esp. one leading up the side of a mountain
talus
rock debris at base of cliff
taverna
tavern
terracotta
hard unglazed pottery with brownish-red colour
thunderheads
cumulonimbus clouds seen during a thunderstorm
tienda
shop
tío
uncle
tonto
fool, dummy
tranca
door bar
tussocks
tufts or clumps of grass
virulent
poisonous, venomous; deadly; malignant, spiteful
vivisectionist
one who dissects of, operates on, living animal for scientific research
votive candle
small candle, typically white or beeswax yellow, burnt as a prayer offering
wainscoting
skirting-board, wooden panelling of room-wall
windlass
apparatus for moving heavy weights
woodshingle
overlapping wooden roof slates
zaguán
vestibule, hallway
zócalo
town square