Newgate meat market lay in the City of London, between Newgate Street and Paternoster Row, roughly where the London Stock Exchange and Paternoster Square are now.
Women regularly worked in the market. In July 1841, Blackwood's magazine commented:
It would scarcely be credited that, in splendid London, women are subjected to various kinds of severe and repulsive toil .... For example, the porterage of meat at the wholesale markets, as Newgate and Leadenhall, is performed by women, many of them old. You will see these wretched creatures stagger under the weight of a side of beef, or having an entire sheep upon their heads, conveying their burdens to the butchers carts, drawn up in the vicinity of the market ...
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A brougham (pronounced 'broom') is an enclosed horse-drawn carriage on four wheels that was popular in the mid- to late-nineteenth century. It is uncertain as to whether the carriage was invented for the British Lord Chancellor Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham, or simply popularised by him.
Queen Victoria's husband Prince Albert (1819-1861) was born into a Saxon family, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, which was related to many of the royal families in Europe, including those of Russia, Belgium, Portugal, and Bulgaria. Albert is credited with encouraging the development of democracy in Great Britain by persuading Queen Victoria to interfere less in the business of Parliament. Though he had no constitutional power, Albert had a public voice on issues such as the abolition of slavery and Lord Palmerston's foreign policy.
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