Boulaq is a district in Cairo, and makes up part of old Cairo.
An interesting source for reading about Old Cairo before both World Wars are the letters of Lady Duff-Gordon (1863-1935) who lived in Egypt for five years.
Blogger Dianabuja has picked out an Egyptian recipe for fattah from Lady Duff-Gordon's letters, which was made for her in the Boulaq district. (It sounds pretty tasty!)
The old Semiramis hotel sits on the Nile, and is clear on this webpage, which links to a beautiful post-World War II map of Cairo.
“During WWII, Groppi’s on Adly Pasha Street (a second branch of Groppi’s) was frequented by members of Britain’s Eighth Army and was a favourite of General Montgomery, who came to enjoy jazz evenings in the garden,” says Adel Toppozada, former Deputy Minister of Information and grandson of former Egyptian Prime Minister Hussein Pasha Rushdy. (Source).
Images of Old Cairo
Muslims are required to pray five times a day. This practice is called Shalat and is the second pillar of wisdom.
Azan is the first call to prayer, before dawn. This call is issued from the minarets in a city, and rings out.
Built in 1382, the Khan el Khalili bazaar, now commonly known as Khan, is a major souk in the Islamic area of Cairo. It is popular with both locals and tourists.
If you fancy a bit of bazaar shopping, but can't make it to Cairo, you can take a virtual trip to the souk!
Midaq Alley by Naguib Mahfouz is a novel set in an alley in the Khan el Khalili. The novel was published in English in 1966, and Mahfouz later won the Nobel Prize for Literature. Read a review of the book.
The hollow refered to is the suprasternal notch. It is considered an erogenous zone.
You can read more about the suprasternal notch and what to do to avoid becoming addicted to it at this tongue-in-cheek website.
German Afrika Korps (properly known as the Deutsches Afrikakorps) was the name of a 'blocking force' sent to North Africa to aid Italian troops against the Allies during World War II. The force was under the command of the noted general, Erwin Rommel.
Extensive information and photo resources on the Afrika Korps, and the war campaign in North Africa, can be found here.
Rommel's Afrika Korps: Tobruk to El Alamein by Pier Paolo Battistelli
Rommel's Afrika Korps: El Agheila to El Alamein by George R. Bradford
Afrikakorps 1941-43 (Elite) by Ronald Volstad
Give background to Almasy's actions...
During World War II an Albanian named Elyesa Bazna passed Allied secrets to the Germans for financial gain. As a valet to an English officer based in Ankara, Turkey, he took photographs of classified British documents. He was given the codename 'Cicero' by the Germans in 1943.
You can read Bazna's first hand account, I Was Cicero, at the Free Library.
A fiction film, called Five Fingers, was made in 1951 based on Cicero's spy career.
Give details of study (including parking ticket!)