Henry Fielding ( 1707- 1754) was an English novelist and dramatist. His writings were characterised by political satire, parody and bawdy humour. His most famous novel is Tom Jones, published in 1749. He wrote prodigiously for Tory periodicals, journals, and newspapers. He was also a successful barrister. In 1748, he was appointed London’s Chief Magistrate. Together with his half-brother John he founded London’s first police force, the Bow Street Runners, in 1749.