"Charlotte Brontë in 1847 under the pseudonym Currer Bell"
Portrait of Charlotte Bronte
Public DomainPortrait of Charlotte Bronte - Credit: Evert A. Duyckinck

Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855) was an English novelist and poet, the eldest of the three Brontë sisters.  In 1846, sisters Charlotte, Emily, and Anne published a joint collection of poetry under the assumed names of Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell. Although only two copies were sold, the sisters continued writing for publication and began their first novels. Charlotte used "Currer Bell" when she published Jane Eyre.  She explained the use of the pen names as follows:

“Averse to personal publicity, we veiled our own names under those of Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell; the ambiguous choice being dictated by a sort of conscientious scruple at assuming Christian names positively masculine, while we did not like to declare ourselves women, because—without at that time suspecting that our mode of writing and thinking was not what is called 'feminine' – we had a vague impression that authoresses are liable to be looked on with prejudice; we had noticed how critics sometimes use for their chastisement the weapon of personality, and for their reward, a flattery, which is not true praise.”