"As the Crimean War enters its one hundred and thirty-first year"

The Crimean War (1853 – 1856) was a conflict between the Ottoman Empire, Great Britain, France and Sardinia on one side and Russia on the other.  It was sparked by growing Russian influence in the Ottoman Empire, which the British government viewed as a threat to its Near Eastern routes to India.

The Siege of Sevastopol
Public DomainThe Siege of Sevastopol - Credit: Franz Roubaud (1856-1928)
The war was characterised by major logistical and tactical errors on both sides during the land campaign.  The navel campaign, in contrast, saw the Allies efficiently eliminate most of Russia’s ships in the Black Sea.