"the Rhondda has lain in shadow these past few weeks"
Looking south east down Cwm Rhondda, the legacy of the old industry of this area can be seen in the form of the landscaped spoil tips at right. The modern industry is represented by the industrial unit at centre, with the town of Maerdy in the background.
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeLooking south east down Cwm Rhondda, the legacy of the old industry of this area can be seen in the form of the landscaped spoil tips at right. The modern industry is represented by the industrial unit at centre, with the town of Maerdy in the background. - Credit: Phil Williams

The Rhondda is a valley in Wales that used to be a centre for coal mining between 1845 and 1925. It has Wales' fourth largest urban population, numbering about 72,500 in 2001. At its peak in the industrial mining era the population reached over 160,000, with immigrants coming mainly from England and other areas in Wales to take part in the boom. 

Rhondda in Wales
GNU Free Documentation LicenseRhondda in Wales - Credit: illmarinen, uploaded by Interfector