Sir Edwin Henry Landseer (1802-1873) was an English painter and sculptor. He is best known for his paintings of animals, particularly horses, dogs and stags, and his sculpted lions in Trafalgar Square, London. He was regarded as one of the foremost animal painters of his time. Reproductions of his works were commonly found in middle-class homes, and he was commissioned by Queen Victoria to paint numerous portraits of her family and pets. He was rumoured to be able to paint with both hands at the same time. His paintings of dogs in the service of humanity were so popular that ‘Landseer’ became the official name for a variety of Newfoundland dog (the breed pictured in his painting 'Saved').