Page 151. " drivers of phaetons "

A phaeton
Public DomainA phaeton - Credit: Simonxag
A phaeton is a type of carriage with four very large wheels and a small body.  They were fashionable in the 19th century and there are several references to phaetons in Victorian literature.  They were named after Phaeton, the son of Helios in Greek Mythology. 

Page 151. " with a dak-bungalow "

Dak bungalows were rest houses located on major routes through India, intended to provide overnight accommodation for travellers.  They were commonly used by government officials who needed to travel for business purposes, but if there were rooms available they would also be used by tourists and civilians.  In Rudyard Kipling's "My Own True Ghost Story" he writes about dak-bungalows on the Grand Trunk Road.   

Page 154. " the doleful howling of pariah dogs baying the moon "

Pariah dog
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikePariah dog - Credit: Roregan
Pariah dog is the term used to describe the feral dog of India.  They are medium-sized dogs with coats ranging in colour from light tan or yellow to dark reddish-brown. 


Page 160. " with a mug of beer and a six-month-old copy of Punch "

Punch magazine was founded in 1841 by Henry Mayhew and Ebenezer Landells.  It contained a collection of satirical cartoons and drawings.  The magazine closed in 1992 due to a decline in popularity but was briefly resurrected by Mohamed Al-Fayed in 1996.

You can learn more about Punch here:

Page 165. " seven years, as Jacob had for Rachel "

Rachel and Jacob by William Dyce
Public DomainRachel and Jacob by William Dyce - Credit: William Dyce
The biblical characters Jacob and Rachel appear in Genesis.  After arriving in Haran, Jacob met and fell in love with Rachel.  He began working for her father, Laban, and told him that he would work for seven years if at the end of those seven years Laban would allow him to marry Rachel. 

Page 168. " too rash, too unadvised, too sudden "

Romeo and Juliet title page
Public DomainRomeo and Juliet title page - Credit: Tadpole9
These are words spoken by Juliet during the famous balcony scene in William Shakespeare's play "Romeo and Juliet". 

"Although I joy in thee, I have no joy of this contract to-night.  It is too rash, too unadvis'd, too sudden; Too like the lightning, which doth cease to be Ere one can say ‘It lightens.’"

Read Romeo and Juliet online


Page 172. " George Gordon, Lord Byron "

Lord Byron
Public DomainLord Byron - Credit: Kelson
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron (usually known simply as Lord Byron) was a British romantic poet, regarded as one of the greatest and most influential poets of all time.  Byron was also famous for his scandalous personal life, being described as "mad, bad and dangerous to know".  

Some of his best known works include Don Juan and She Walks in Beauty.  You can read some of Byron's poetry online here: