"Mr Darwin should be exhibited in a cage in the zoological gardens"
Caricature published in The Hornet, 1871
Public DomainCaricature published in The Hornet, 1871
Caricature published in The London Sketchbook, 1874
Public DomainCaricature published in The London Sketchbook, 1874

The publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species in 1859 was still causing controversy eight years later.  In this book, Darwin proposed the theory of evolution by natural selection, which contradicted the biblical dogma of creation by an omnipotent God over the course of six days. While other scientists had developed theories contradicting biblical accounts of the origin of the world (for example, Lyell's work in geology, and Wallace's contemporaneous work on evolution) it was Darwin who was vilified by opponents of the theory of evolution.  The association of Darwin with monkeys or apes was a common trope of these attacks, as shown in these cartoons.