William Etty (1787-1849) was an English painter whose most celebrated works are female nudes.
Pygmalion was a mythical ancient Greek sculptor who fell in love with a statue he had carved of a beautiful woman. He beseeched Aphrodite to make his statue into a living woman and, when she granted his request, he married the woman.
The story was updated to Edwardian London, first by George Bernard Shaw and then, as My Fair Lady, by Lerner and Loewe.
An allusion to the maxim of existentialist philopher Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980): "hell is other people".
A rake is a hard-drinking, gambling womaniser. At first, rakes had a positive element - they were witty, carefree and fun - but by the 19th century the primary focus of the word was on the immorality of the subject's conduct.
A barouche was a type of horse-drawn carriage fashionable in the Victorian period. It had four wheels, and sat four people, facing each other on two seats, with a driver in front.