Page 303. " an Etty nude "
A detail of a painting by Etty
Public DomainA detail of a painting by Etty

William Etty (1787-1849) was an English painter whose most celebrated works are female nudes.


Page 303. " the Pygmalion myth "
Pygmalion and Galatea, by Girodet
Public DomainPygmalion and Galatea, by Girodet

Pygmalion was a mythical ancient Greek sculptor who fell in love with a statue he had carved of a beautiful woman.  He beseeched Aphrodite to make his statue into a living woman and, when she granted his request, he married the woman.

The story was updated to Edwardian London, first by George Bernard Shaw and then, as My Fair Lady, by Lerner and Loewe.


Page 309. " the Sartrean experience "

An allusion to the maxim of existentialist philopher Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980): "hell is other people".

Page 310. " not cut out to be a rake "

A rake is a hard-drinking, gambling womaniser.  At first, rakes had a positive element -  they were witty, carefree and fun - but by the 19th century the primary focus of the word was on the immorality of the subject's conduct.

Page 316. " ante Stanislavski "

Stanislavski (1863-1938) was a Russian actor and theatre director who invented a rigorous new technique for training actors and preparing roles.

Page 316. " something of a Uriah Heep "
Uriah Heep, by Fred Barnard
Public DomainUriah Heep, by Fred Barnard

Uriah Heep is a character in Charles Dickens' 1850 novel David Copperfield.  He is a slimy, insincere, calculating villain under a veneer of excessive humbleness.



Page 325. " arrived in her barouche "
Barouche, drawn by Pearson Scott Foresman
Public DomainBarouche, drawn by Pearson Scott Foresman

A barouche was a type of horse-drawn carriage fashionable in the Victorian period. It had four wheels, and sat four people, facing each other on two seats, with a driver in front.