Page 26. " advances in burn treatment made during the Vietnam War "

Napalm became a symbol of the Vietnam War

When used as a part of an incendiary weapon, napalm can cause severe burns (ranging from superficial to subdermal) to the skin and body, asphyxiation, unconsciousness, and death. In this implementation, explosions can create an atmosphere of greater than 20% carbon monoxide[2] and firestorms with self-perpetuating windstorms of up to 70 mph.[7]

Napalm is suitable for use against dug-in enemy personnel. The burning incendiary composition flows into foxholes, trenches and bunkers, and drainage and irrigation ditches and other improvised troop shelters. People even in undamaged shelters can be killed by hyperthermia/heat stroke, radiant heat, dehydration, suffocation, smoke exposition, or carbon monoxide poisoning.

"Napalm is the most terrible pain you can imagine," said Kim Phúc, a napalm bombing survivor known from a famous Vietnam War photograph. "Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius. Napalm generates temperatures of 800 to 1,200 degrees Celsius."[15]

Phúc sustained third-degree burns to half her body and was not expected to live after the attack by South Vietnamese aircraft. But thanks to assistance from South Vietnamese photographer Nick Ut and American doctors she survived a 14-month hospital stay and 17 operations. Subsequently, after the Communist take-over she was used as a propaganda tool by the Vietnamese Government.[16]

Page 27. " Humbert Humbert makes me giggle "

Reference to the character Humbert Humbert who becomes obsessed with the 12 year old girl of the novel's title, Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov.

Page 32. " Blake wrote in The Marriage of Heaven and Hell "

William Blake (1757-1827) was a English poet, painter, and printmaker. Largely unrecognised during his lifetime, Blake is now considered a seminal figure in the history of both the poetry and visual arts of the Romantic Age.

Blake was commisioned to create engravings for Dante's Divine Comedy, he complete seven.

 The Marriage of Heaven and Hell (1790-1793) Blake describes a visit to Hell similar to Dante.



Page 35. " it was like taking a big gulp of Agent Orange "


Agent Orange
Public DomainAgent Orange


    Agent Orange is the name given to a poisonous chemical that was used by the U.S. military during the Vietnam War to defoliage dense jungle areas in order to deny enemy cover . The chemical was later found to be extremely harmful to humans causing many health concerns including lung cancer and birth defects.

Page 39. " from Scheherazade to Southside Selma "

Public DomainScheherazade

A persian queen and the storyteller of One Thousand and One Nights. Is described as  being accomplished, wise and well bred.


'Southside' Selma may refer to a student of a U.S. or Canadian Public high school.

Page 47. " There was the Dachau of my face "

Dachau was the first Nazi Concentration camp set up in Germany that imprisoned political prisoners and Jews in World War II.