"There was a Hooverville on the edge of every town"
Hooverville, Portland, 1936
Public DomainHooverville, Portland, 1936 - Credit: Arthur Rothstein

 Hoovervilles were camps and shanty towns built by the homeless during the Great Depression.  They consisted of tents and trucks and, after a while, huts made from wood and corrugated iron. They were a common sight on the outskirts of many towns around the US.

They took their name from the President who had let the country slide into depression, a name which was also adopted for Hoover blankets (newspapers) and Hoover flags (empty pockets).