Page 210. " through a gap they looked down on the Painted Desert "
Coal Mine Canyon, Arizona Painted Desert
Public DomainCoal Mine Canyon, Arizona Painted Desert - Credit: Doug Dolde

 

Painted Desert
Public DomainPainted Desert - Credit: Jon Sullivan

The Painted Desert gets its name from the brightly coloured landscape formed through changes in the environment over millions of years.  Volcanoes, earthquakes, freshwater and seawater have all left their mark on the different layers of sediment that stretch from the Grand Canyon to the Petrified Forest in Northern Arizona. 

 

Google Map
Page 214. " You never been called 'Okie' yet. "

Migrant Mother
Public DomainMigrant Mother - Credit: Dorothea Lange, FSA
The term 'Okie' originally described natives of Oklahoma, but during the Great Migration of the 1930s Californians began to use the term to describe all migrants entering their state.  It is generally deemed a derogatory term to describe poor white migrants, but many residents of Oklahoma use the term proudly.