The busiest train station in North America, New York's Pennsylvania Station (commonly known as 'Penn Station') was completed in 1910.
It was a sparkling architectural example of the Beaux-Arts style. To great public outcry, it was demolished in 1963 to make way for the construction of Madison Square Garden, an indoor sporting arena. The railway terminal was rebuilt underground.
Any city gets what it admires, will pay for, and, ultimately, deserves. Even when we had Penn Station, we couldn’t afford to keep it clean. We want and deserve tin-can architecture in a tinhorn culture. And we will probably be judged not by the monuments we build but by those we have destroyed.
- "Farewell to Penn Station," New York Times editorial, October 30, 1963