Valparaiso is one of Chile's most important sea-ports. In the second half of the 19th Century it was a major stopover for ships travelling between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans via the Straits of Magellan, and it became known as Little San Francisco. It attracted a great many Europeans as a result. When the Panama Canal opened in 1914, Valparaiso became a less important port, although over the last few decades it has become busier again, due to fruit exports and very large ships which will not fit through the Panama Canal.
It is not true that babies can only see black and white. They can see colours, and their attention will often be held by a brightly coloured object caught in their gaze.
By two months, their ability to focus has improved, and many do show a preference for black and white patterns at this stage. It is thought that this may be because of the contrast which makes the objects well-defined.