Page 85. " slapjack "

Slapjack is a simple card game usually played by children. Players take it in turns to lay a card down as in Snap. When the Jack is placed down, the players try to be the first to "slap" it with their hand. Whoever puts their hand down on the Jack first takes the pile. The aim is to be the last player with cards in their hand.

Page 89. " Carole Lombard or Arturo Toscanini "

Carole Lombard starred in a number of American films, particularly comedies of the 1930s. Towards the end of the decade, she was the highest earning actress in Hollywood, making about five times as much as the US president. She died aged 33 in an airplane accident.


Arturo Toscanini was a uniquely gifted musician, composer and conductor of the early 1900s. He was known for having a photographic memory.







Page 90. " National Geographic "

National Geographic Magazine is the official magazine of the National Geographic Society (NGS). It comes out monthly and contains articles on geography, popular science, history, culture, current events and photography. 

Page 94. " stenographic course "
Public Domainstenography - Credit: Haypo; Wikipedia
Stenography is the act of writing in Shorthand. Shorthand is a form of writing that employs symbols in order to enable the fastest possible speed of writing. This is useful in taking down speech, for example. 
Page 95. " Doctor Johnson "
doctor johnson
Public Domaindoctor johnson - Credit: Sir Joshua Reynolds
Samuel Johnson was an eighteenth-century English writer and poet. In 1755, he worked with a team to create the first English language dictionary. A commentator on life and society, Johnson is still much quoted today and was the subject of one of the most famous literary biographies of all time, The Life of Samuel Johnson by James Boswell. Born in Lichfield, Dr Johnson is remembered as one of the town's most famous sons. The house where he was born is now a museum. 

Page 96. " Civil War "

civil war
GNU Free Documentation Licensecivil war - Credit: Unknown: wikipedia
The American Civil War occurred between 1861 and 1865. Eleven Southern slave states (states where slavery was still legal) declared independence from the United States. They called themselves the Confederacy. 



Page 98. " R.O.T.C. "
Creative Commons AttributionR.O.T.C. - Credit: Peripitus: Wikipedia
R.O.T.C. stands for Reserve Officers' Training Corps. This is a college-based officer training programme for which any of the armed forces can offer scholarships. On completion of the course, students must serve a fixed period of time in the armed forces. 
Page 100. " A red, droopy sty "
Public Domainstye - Credit: Andre Riemann

A stye is an infection of the sebaceous glands at the base of the eyelashes.