"before they moved to Nuremberg"
Defendents at the Nuremberg trials of 1945
Public DomainDefendents at the Nuremberg trials of 1945 - Credit: Raymond D’Addario/Wikimedia Commons

The city of Nuremberg is located in the German state of Bavaria. It was a focal point of Nazi development in the lead up to WWII. Nazi rallies were held in Nuremberg every year from 1927 to 1938, and it was here that the Nuremberg Laws were passed – anti-Semitic legislation revoking German citizenship for all Jews.

The city was heavily bombed in the latter years of WWII, with many of its medieval buildings destroyed and some 6,000 residents killed. In a symbolic move, Nazi officials were brought before an international tribunal in Nuremberg between 1945 and 1946, where they were judged for their role in the Holocaust and other war crimes. These events are known as the Nuremberg Trials.