The German-Czech Jewish writer Franz Kafka suffered from tuberculosis, which eventually made it impossible for him to eat and caused him to die of starvation in Vienna in 1924.

Although Kafka asked his friend Max Brod to destroy his unfinished manuscripts when he died, most of his work was published posthumously, including The Castle, The Trial and Amerika. An exception is Kafka’s novella, The Metamorphosis, which was first published in 1915 while the author was alive.

Kafka is considered one of the great writers of the 20th century, and his influence on other authors has been profound.