Bialy
Yiddish for small baked roll (originates from the Polish city, Bialystok)
Cyrillic
An alphabetic writing system used in Eastern European and Asian languages
Dacha
Russian for a country cottage used in summer
Dai ruku
Russian for “Give me your hand”
Daleds
The fourth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, which also carries a numerical value (school grade level in this case)
Daven
Yiddish for reciting daily prayers
De rets Yiddish?
Yiddish for “Do you speak Yiddish?”
Dumkop
Yiddish for idiot
Einsatzgruppen
German SS paramilitary death squads (see bookmark for page 12)
Farshtaist?
Yiddish for “Do you understand?”
Gimpel
A Yiddish surname (Bruno's in this case)
Hay
The fifth letter of the Hebrew alphabet, which also carries a numerical value (school grade level in this case)
Keynehore
Yiddish for "without the evil eye" (often said to avoid ill fortune)
Khevra kadisha
Yiddish for an organisation of Jewish men and women who ceremonially guard and prepare corpses for burial
Kibbutz
Hebrew for a communal settlement in Israel
Kindertransport
German for “child-transport” and referring to a pre-WWII operation to protect Jewish children from the Nazis by taking them to England
Kippah
The round skullcap worn by some Jews
Kishkes
Yiddish slang for guts
Knedelach
Yiddish euphemism for testicles
Lamed vovnik
Hebrew for “thirty-sixer” and refers to thirty-six righteous Jews upon whom the continued existence of the world depends
L’chaim
Hebrew toast meaning "to life!"
Macher
Yiddish for important person
Mameh
Yiddish for mother
Mazel tov
Hebrew for good luck
Mezuzah
Hebrew for “doorpost” and refers to a piece of parchment in a decorative case inscribed with verses from the Torah
Mishpocheh
Yiddish for family/blood relations
Moshiach
Hebrew for the “anointed one” or Messiah (Jewish tradition holds that the Messiah has not yet come)
Nebbish
Yiddish for an insignificant person
Nu
Yiddish interjection meaning “well?” or “so?”
Pischer
Yiddish for penis
Schlemiel
Yiddish for an inept person or misfit
Shabbas
Hebrew for the Sabbath (the weekly Jewish day of rest)
Shalom
Hebrew for peace and wellbeing
Shema gisrael adona, elohanu adonai echad
A Jewish prayer in Hebrew meaning “Hear O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is One”
Shiddukh
Yiddish for an arranged marriage
Shmatta
Yiddish for anything of shabby quality
Shpritz
Yiddish for spray
Shvartser
Yiddish for a person with dark skin
Siddurs
Hebrew plural for the Jewish prayer book used for weekdays and Sabbaths
Sukkot
Hebrew for the Feast of Tabernacles and one of three Biblical pilgrimage festivals
Tateh
Yiddish for father
Tuchus
Yiddish for buttocks
Tzaddik
Hebrew for the “righteous one” and an expert of the Torah (the first five parts of the Hebrew Bible)
Un viejon
Spanish derogatory slang for old man
Yartzeit candle
Yiddish for a candle lit on the anniversary of a loved one’s death
Yiddish
Language originating from the Ashkenazi Jewish culture (see bookmark for page 6)
Zloty
The national currency of Poland
יהוה
One of the Hebrew words for God