Page 155. " a new outbreak of Lyme disease "

Lyme Disease Rash
Public DomainLyme Disease Rash - Credit: CDC
 Lyme disease, also known as borrelia or borreliosis, is a bacterial infection that derives from a tick bite. The disease has a variety of symptoms affecting the skin, heart, joints and nervous system.  It can sometimes be identified by a telltale "bull's eye" rash.

Page 156. " It was the Pilgrim's Progress by John Bunyan "

Christian Fights Apollyon
Public DomainChristian Fights Apollyon - Credit: H. C. Selous and M. Paolo Priolo
 The Pilgrim's Progress from This World to That Which Is to Come is a Christian allegory written by John Bunyan and published in February 1678. It is regarded as one of the most significant works of English literature, has been translated into more than 200 languages, and has never been out of print.

Part I tells of Christian and his journey to Celestial City; Part II tells of the journey of his wife Christiana and their children to Celestial City. Together, the two parts depict the believer's life and struggles.


Page 160. " a small hotel near Mount Rushmore "
Mount Rushmore
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeMount Rushmore - Credit: Dean Franklin

Mount Rushmore National Memorial, near Keystone, South Dakota, is a monumental granite sculpture by Gutzon Borglum (1867–1941), located within the United States Presidential Memorial.  It consists of 18m sculptures of the heads of former United States presidents (left to right): George Washington (1732–1799), Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826), Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919), and Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865). Originally known to the Lakota Sioux as Six Grandfathers, the mountain was renamed after Charles E. Rushmore, a prominent New York lawyer, during an expedition in 1885. The memorial was created in order to increase tourism to the Black hills region of South Dakota.  It attracts approximately two million visitors every year.

Page 163. " National Monument, Little Bighorn Battlefield "

Little Bighorn
Creative Commons AttributionLittle Bighorn - Credit: Mountaineer, Wikimedia
Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument acts as a memorial to those who fought in the Battle of the Little Bighorn: George Armstrong Custer's 7th Cavalry and a combined Lakota-Northern Cheyenne and Arapaho force. Custer National Cemetery forms part of the national monument.

Little Bighorn Memorial
Public DomainLittle Bighorn Memorial - Credit: Durwood Brandon

Page 163. " Annie watched a ball of tumbleweed "

A tumbleweed is the above-ground part of a plant, commonly Salsola tragus. When mature and dry, it breaks off from the root and rolls with the wind, dispersing seeds. Usually, the tumbleweed consists of the entire plant apart from the roots, but in a few species it is a flower cluster. Tumbleweed is most common in steppe and desert plants.


Page 164. " George Armstrong Custer and more than two hundred soldiers "

George Armstrong Custer (5 December 1839 – 25 June 25 1876) was raised in Michigan and Ohio and admitted to West Point in 1858, where he was a low-ranked student. However, with the outbreak of the Civil War, Custer was called to serve with the Union Army. He was promoted to the temporary rank of Major General, which was reduced to the permanent rank of Lieutenant Colonel at the end of the war.








After the Civil War, Custer was dispatched to fight in the Indian Wars. The overwhelming defeat in his final battle overshadowed his achievements in the Civil War. Custer was defeated and killed at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876, by a coalition of Native American tribes.  The battle has come to be known as Custer's Last Stand.

George Macdonald Fraser sent his antihero, Flashman, to join Custer in Flashman and the Redskins.



Page 170. " says we should've imprint-trained him "

Imprint training means working with newborn foals to mould their personalities. It is claimed that this can ease handling, enhance later training efforts and reduce injuries. Imprinted foals are thought to see humans as horses, not predators.

During imprint training, the foal cannot escape exposure to frightening stimuli. As a result, it becomes dependent and submissive in its attitude. The foal sees the trainer as a dominant horse or herd leader.  It becomes desensitised to most sensory stimuli (visual, auditory, tactile, and olfactory), responding only to those stimuli used as aids.