"The high value accorded to the dream-life by many schools of philosophy, for example, by Schelling’s followers"

   Friedrich Schelling (1775 –1854) was a German scholar and a chief contributor to the ‘Naturphilosophie’ movement, which sought to construct a philosophical approach to scientific enquiry.  His writings espouse a semi-mystical vision of the natural world as a spiritual, holistic whole.  Freud echoes the broad scientific consensus of the time by aligning Schelling’s ideas with the primitive superstitions entertained by ancient civilisations.

 

Online edition of Schelling’s ‘First Outline of a System of the Philosophy of Nature’, (1799)