"In order to give all his attention to self-observation, it is helpful for him to lie down and close his eyes"
Freud's couch, at the Freud Museum, London
Creative Commons Attribution Share AlikeFreud's couch, at the Freud Museum, London - Credit: Konstantin Binder

   The analytical method Freud developed famously required his patients to recline on a couch while allowing memories and associations to arise, supposedly free of outside influence.  The analyst was to sit directly behind the analysand's head, a position of invisible authority, occasionally intervening to direct the monologue – still the iconic image of psychoanalysis in popular culture.  Freud's couch itself now resides at the London museum in the house where he lived and died after fleeing the Nazis' annexation of Austria in 1938. 


Official website of The Freud Museum