"my longing for the Eternal City was reinforced by impressions from my youth"

 

   Freud's boyhood idol Hannibal (248–circa 183 BC) was a Carthaginian general who fought in the second of the Punic Wars, which ended with the destruction of Carthage and Rome's emergence as one of the dominant powers of the classical world.  He famously led an invasion force into Italy across the Alps, winning several major victories against Rome's armies and becoming a target of hatred and fear throughout the Republic.  Hannibal's father was in fact called Hamilcar, not Hasdrubal as is here claimed – as well as correcting it in later editions Freud observed and analysed this mistake, alongside several others from the same work, in Chapter Ten of his Psychopathology of Everyday Life.

 

Online edition of Freud's 'Psychopathology of Everyday Life', as translated by A.A. Brill, (1901)