"You know, I was always one of the finest cases of male hysteria"

    Theodor Meynert (1833-1892) was director of the University of Vienna's psychiatric clinic during Freud's studentship there; a neuropathologist who sought scientific understanding of the human mind based wholly on anatomy.  His focus on the physical led him into a war of words with his pupil, whose own work took him increasingly in the opposite direction.  Freud's mention here of his one-time mentor's deathbed words as a 'confession' of defeat has been questioned as somewhat opportunistic – Meynert never denied the existence of 'hysteria' as a condition, merely that it had a psychological rather than a physical basis. 

 

Discussion of the Meynert/Freud feud in Frank J. Sulloway's 'Freud: Biologist of the Mind', (1979)