"remind us of the legendary Titans whose shoulders from time immemorial bore the great mountain-masses laid upon them"

 

 

   In Greek mythology the Titans were those primordial deities who, following a rebellion against their father Uranus (See note to page 197), ruled until the better known Olympian gods overthrew them and took their place.  Here Freud seems to have merged two separate myths concerning the aftermath: the confinement of many Titans to Tartarus, an inescapable prison deep beneath the earth, and the punishment visited on Atlas in particular, who was condemned by Zeus to support the sky on his shoulders for all eternity.  

 

 

 

Online text of the 'Theogeny of Hesiod', as translated by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, (circa-8th century BC)

 

Online collection of myth and literature regarding the Titans at Theoi.com