Aetiology
The study of causation - often the medical causes of disease
Amentia
An outdated term for congenital mental retardation
Aurora
Roman goddess of the dawn - thereafter a term for the luminous atmospheric effect sometimes seen in the night sky over far northern or southern regions
Chimaera
Or 'chimera' - term for the unreal or illusory, from the mythical beast comprised of a lion, a goat, and a serpent
Cockchafer
A type of scarab beetle
Coltsfoot
Or 'tussilago farfara', a plant common in Europe and Asia with some toxic properties
Compositae
A large family of plants with dense florets and closely bunched anthers, including the daisy and dandelion
Cooper
One that makes or repairs a variety of wooden containers, including barrels
Crupper
A piece of tack which secures the saddle to a horse's rump
Cutaneous
Of, relating to, or affecting the skin
Cyclamen
A genus of flower in the primrose family - native to the Middle-East, as well as southern and central Europe
Diphtheritic membrane
A false membrane formed on mucous surfaces in diphtheria.
Dyspnoea
Clinical term for breathing difficulties
Endopsychic
Within the mind
Enervated
Weakened, debilitated or deprived of strength or vitality
Festschrift
A collection of essays and articles compiled as a tribute to a learned scholar by their colleagues or admirers
Florin
Name of gold coin of 13th-century Italy, and thereafter various forms of currency - in Freud's case the Austro-Hungarian 'gulden', which had been replaced by the 'krone' in 1892
Ganglion-cells
'Ganglion' is an anatomical term for a bundle of nerve-cells located outside of the central nervous system
Glaucoma
Disease affecting the optic nerve, resulting in progressive, irreversible sight-loss
Guilders
Originally the term for a type of gold coin, used for the Austro-Hungarian currency 'gulden', replaced by the 'krone' in 1892
Gymnasium
In parts of Europe, a type of secondary school for academically precocious students
Hansom-cab
A light carriage drawn by a single horse, popular as a vehicle for hire from the mid-19th century
Histological
With reference to the microscopic structure of organic tissue
Hostelry
Archaic term for an inn providing overnight accomodation to travellers
Hypermnesia
Term for abnormally exact or vivid memory recall, as associated with hypnosis or similar, pathological mental states
Hypnagogic
Term coined by French scholar Alfred Maury for the state between waking and sleep
Incontinentia alvi
Anal incontinence
Jurist
An expert or representative well-versed in the letter of the law - could equally describe a law student, lawyer, or judge
Kontuszowka
A type of aniseed-flavoured vodka, taking its name from the ‘kontusz’ – a decorative robe worn by members of the Polish nobility
Kreuzer (kr.)
Coin used in Austria-Hungary - prior to its replacement by the krone, 100 Kreuzer equalled 1 gulden/florin
Matriculation
Process of entering or qualifying for a university
Myope
One afflicted with myopia - short sightedness
Phantasmagoria
A style of magic lantern show, increasingly popular throughout the 19th century, in which a mobile projector flashed various frightening images in front of the viewer
Plebians
Originally the lower classes of Roman society, now a disparaging term for so-called 'common' people in general
Post-chaise
Four-wheeled horsedrawn carriage popular in the 18th and early 19th centuries, used for rapid long-distance transport of several passengers
Poultice
A heated mass of some soft, moist substance spread on cloth and used to soothe aching or inflamed parts of the body
Probity
Proven moral honesty and integrity
Pullman car
Train carriage equipped with sleeper berths, designed by American inventor George Pullman in the mid-1800s
Somatic
Of the body – in this case internal physical stimuli, as opposed to those from the mind or environment
Sulphonal
An outdated sedative used often at the time to suppress pain, treat insomniacs, or tranquilize incarcerated mental patients
Superannuated
Obsolete due to extreme age
Transubstantiation
Term in Roman Catholic ceremony for the transformation of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ during the Eucharist
Variegated
Diversely colourful