Jalalabad is a city in eastern Afghanistan, located at the meeting of the Kabul and Kunar rivers. It lies midway between Kabul and Peshawar in Pakistan.
The route into Pakistan takes them over the Khyber Pass, in the Hindu Kush mountain range. The Pass has played an important part in many military campaigns, from Alexander the Great to the British Empire. In places, it is only three metres wide. In January 1842, 16,000 retreating British and Indian troops were killed by Afghans at the Pass.
Only two cities bid for the 1980 Summer Olympic Games: Los Angeles and Moscow. Moscow won; Los Angeles went on to host the 1984 Games.
After the 1979 invasion of Afghanistan, the USA led a boycott of the Moscow Games and were joined by 60 other countries including West Germany, Canada, China and Japan. Athletes from Great Britain and France competed under the Olympic flag rather than their own. The University of Pennsylvania hosted an alternative Olympic Boycott Games attended by 29 countries.
The USSR retaliated by leading an Eastern Bloc boycott of the 1984 Games in Los Angeles.
The 120-acre site is due to be redeveloped as a housing estate from 2010, and an alternative site for the flea market is being sought.