UNPROFOR stands for the United Nations Protection Force, a military body that existed from 1992 to 1995. Drawn from dozens of countries around the world, the force acted as peacekeepers in Bosnia, Herzegovina and Croatia during the Yugoslav wars, which saw the former country of Yugoslavia violently broken up into its constituent parts. UNPROFOR was called upon to help enforce a ceasefire in Croatia, and to protect civilians, maintain safe areas and protect the free movement of humanitarian aid in Bosnia.
During the war, UNPROFOR was drawn into a number of conflicts with paramilitary forces in the area. In April 1994 Bosnian Serbs attacked Goražde, which had been designated a UN safe area, and abducted UN personnel. Later on, in May 1995, four hundred peacekeepers were taken hostage, also by the Bosnian Serbs. Out of a force of 39,000, a total of 320 were killed during the conflict.