Charles de Gaulle (1890-1970) was the President of France from 1959 to 1969.
During the Second World War, de Gaulle commanded the Free French who were stationed overseas, seeking to overthrow the Nazi occupation of France. As leader of the Free French, de Gaulle was also seen as the head of the French government in exile.
As President of France, de Gaulle put forward a nationalistic and isolationist policy that established France as a separate power independent of British or American influence. During his time in office, dozens of assassination attempts were made against him, but he survived them all; in some cases, he is suspected of having set up the assassination attempt himself as a political stunt. His overbearing style of government caused trouble especially during May 1968, when students and workers rose up in protest, organising mass demonstrations in Paris and around France. Although he put a stop to the demonstrations, de Gaulle's popularity plummeted and he resigned in 1969.