In 1933, Hitler was appointed Germany's Reichskanzler (Chancellor of the Reich), and in 1934, he adopted the title Führer und Reichskanzler (Leader and Chancellor of the Reich).
The Final Solution (Die Endlösung) was the euphemism used by German Nazi leaders for their plans to annihilate the Jewish people during World War II.
Heinrich Himmler is believed to have been mainly responsible for devising the annihilation programmes, and Adolf Hitler is known to have used the words, die Endlösung der Judenfrage ('the final solution of the Jewish question'). However, there is some disagreement as to Hitler's precise role in the planning and authorisation of the programmes.
By the end of World War II, approximately 6 million Jews throughout the German-occupied territories had been murdered by the Nazi regime. This mass genocide is generally referred to as the Holocaust.