Salome (c.14AD-62-71) was the daughter of the Jewish princess Herodias. She is mentioned (although not referred to by the name Salome) in the New Testament, where she is depicted as a seductress who is partly responsible for the death of John the Baptist.
Richard Strauss wrote a one-act opera called Salome which was first performed in 1905. It was based on Oscar Wilde's play Salomé, and contains the 'Dance of the Seven Veils', which was considered shocking when the opera was first performed. There is a also a notorious final scene in which Salome kisses the severed head of John the Baptist.