Page 1. " sent away from London during the war because of the air-raids "

London was bombed heavily in World War 2 as part of a series of attacks that became known as "The Blitz", lasting from 1940 into 1941. In preparation for air or land attacks, England put into place evacuation plans that moved children from London, a major target, into host homes in the countryside, as in the case of the Pevensie children.  However, the lack of any attack or invasion throughout 1939 and early 1940 led many to believe the evacuation plans were unnecessary, and parents started bringing their children home. Then came the Blitz.

Attacks happened primarily at night, though there were daytime raids as well.  Although many would take shelter in the underground subway (known as the Tube) or in shelters they constructed in their backyards, there was not enough shelters for everyone.  Many took advantage of ongoing evacuation schemes.  Some moved outside London and commuted back into the city for work and school.  Those who had friends or relatives living in the countryside moved in with them, or if unable to leave London sent their children to live with them.

Page 9. " He was a Faun "

Pan and Daphnis
Public DomainPan and Daphnis

Fauns are generally considered to originate in Roman mythology, though the first such creature described was Pan, a Greek god.  Pan was believed to inhabit mountains and rural areas, and was revered by shepherds and hunters alike.  The Romans called Pan "Faunus" and believed him to be one of a race of woodland creatures. 

In English mythology, a trickster spirit named Puck or Robin Goodfellow is often described as a faun in appearance.  Puck is also a character in Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream.  The complete play can be found here.

Page 11. " Daughter of Eve "

Eve, in both the Bible and the Quran, is the first woman, created from the rib of Adam.  In Genesis, Eve eats of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil and provokes the expulsion of herself and Adam from the Garden of Eden.

Page 12. " Son of Adam "

In both the Bible and the Quran, Adam is the first man, made of clay and animated with the breath of God.  Eve was made from his rib.  In Genesis, after Eve ate of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, she shared the fruit with Adam. As a result they were both expelled from the Garden of Eden.

Page 15. " on one wall was a shelf full of books "

Mr. Tumnus' books provide the reader with clues about Narnia, its history, and its population. 

The Life and Letters of Silenus - Silenus is a character from Greek mythology, a companion of Dionysus.  He is often depicted as being a father or forefather of nymphs and satyrs. That Mr. Tumnus has his biography indicates that in Narnia Silenus was real. For a depiction of Silenus from our world, see Euripides' Cyclops

Nymphs and Their Ways - Nymphs are nature spirits, usually presiding over springs and rivers.  This study tells us that in Narnia nymphs are real.

Men, Monks, and Gamekeepers; a Study in Popular Legend - The title of this volume tells us that humans are not denizens of Narnia; they may have once existed, but there is little to indicate this, and the author of this volume obviously considers humans and their occupations to be imaginary.

Is Man a Myth? - Again, the title of the book indicates that there are no men, or humans, in Narnia per se, but that there have been traces or legends of their presence in Narnia's past.

Page 16. " the Dryads who lived in the trees "

Dryads are a type of nymph, a nature spirit, that are traditionally found in trees and forests.